Tooth decay is also referred to as dental caries or cavities is a disease which affects a large percentage of the world population. It’s widespread and generally occurs because of poor oral customs. It’s the demineralization of the tooth from the acid releasing germs. These acids cause the enamel to decay. The decay progresses to deeper layers and begins on the tooth’s outer surface.
Causes of Tooth Decay
Tooth decay isn’t a suddenly occurring event. It happens due to an acting cause such as bad oral customs. Poor oral hygiene induces the formation of plaque that’s responsible for initiating formation. The organisms are responsible for causing tooth decay are Lactobacillus and Streptococcus Mutants.
These bacteria release acids that commence the corrosion of the teeth. The leading cause of caries is poor oral hygiene. Not brushing often and improper brushing contributes to poor oral hygiene. Not rinsing after meals, excessive intake of starch and diet, smoking also contributes to tooth decay.
Symptoms of Tooth Decay
Initially, there are no indicators of decay until it has progressed broadly. A chalky spot may show up on the tooth which suggests the dissolution of the outer layer. The chalky place looks not and in just a few instances in all.
Since the enamel decay progresses, this white chalky area turns brown due to further decay. The demineralization causes the area to become tender. The corrosion grows into deeper layers. It causes pain and sensitivity After the corrosion have progressed into deeper layers where nerves are present.
Prevention of Tooth Decay
The best method to prevent dental caries is by following a proper oral hygiene routine. This will ensure good oral hygiene which keeps dental caries at bay.
You don’t have to attempt anything fancy to maintain good oral hygiene. Sticking to the fundamentals of oral hygiene could do this as brushing your teeth two times a day. Flossing your teeth at least one time every other day. Regular dental check-ups from the dentist at least once in three months.
Once the patient is at risk of developing tooth decay, the dentist can take certain steps to protect the patient such as:
-Topical Fluoride: Applying Fluoride in the kind of Stannous Fluoride on the enamel surface that prevents caries. This occurs due to the strengthening of the tooth by the creation of fluorapatite.
-Fissure Sealants (Dental Sealants): These are applied on chewing surfaces of the molars (that can be in elevated risk of developing caries).This prevents plaque formation. This is especially done in kids
Treatment of Tooth Decay
It is imperative to identify whether particular habits are causing dental decay. These could be assessed to prevent future occurrences of tooth decay.
Fillings: The enamel structure which has decayed cannot be retrieved and have to be substituted using restorative material. This therapy is known as recovery or Filling. The portion of the tooth filled and is removed by a restorative material such as composite or amalgam.
Root Canal Therapy (RCT): When tooth decay has progressed into the nerves, then an RCT is proposed. The pulp sealed and is removed and filled with inert material. A cap is also applied usually.
To help prevent tooth decay and other related conditions, adults over 18 should have a check-up at least once every two decades, with children and people under 18 need to see a dentist once every year. By going to a dentist regularly you can help to prevent many of the conditions that can influence your teeth, mouth, and gums from becoming serious. In times of emergency, go to Emergency Dental Clinic in Toronto | Toronto Emergency Dentist | Kaplan Dental right away.
Below, we take a look at the symptoms of tooth decay that if spotted, should always result in a trip to the dentist to attempt to compile a plan of actions to deal with the matter.
Toothache – Although toothache can be a sign of several other teeth and mouth-related problems, tooth decay is one of these and this can often be one of the biggest indications that tooth decay is starting to take hold in your mouth. As with several things, a toothache can be an indication of other difficulties, but you need to find this checked 35 if you do get a constant toothache that fails to move away.
Poor / Nasty Breath – Because tooth decay is the teeth rotting away and dying, you can envision that the odor that this will leave will not be very fine, which is why poor or nasty smelling breath is just another sign that tooth decay could well be happening inside your mouth.
Sensitive Mouth / Teeth – Tooth decay may frequently lead to an alteration in the sensitivity of your teeth since the main tooth is decaying and is revealing more of this nerve ending which is why it is possible to start to feel more pain than usual. Should you notice more pain when eating food or drinking beverages, then this is something you need to get checked out by a dentist.
Change Of Colour On Teeth – If your teeth start revealing gray, black or brown stains, then this is just another frequent sign that you might have decay and that you will need to hotfoot it on to your dentist. Any coloration change in your teeth can be viewed at, but the majority of the time this doesn’t have anything stain from things such as coffee and frequently just to do with tooth decay.
Nasty Taste – Following on from the bad breath point above, if you’ve something decaying in your mouth then this will leave a nasty taste, which could often be worse in the morning when you’ve woken up in the night’s sleep. Though this can just be right down to hygiene, it’s still another indication of tooth decay if it continues to occur, should be taken seriously.
There Are Lots of Things Which You can do to prevent corrosion from getting to the point where you can not cure it and these include:
- Regular brushing/cleaning of your teeth
- Routine dentist check-ups
- Use mouthwash
- Avoid sugary drinks
- Prevent eating junk food
Tooth decay is something which may be prevented as long as you do the right things, which in most cases is just basic common sense and continuing care of your teeth. If you look after your teeth and get normal checkups at a good dentist then you can avoid getting really when it gets into the phase.
After tooth decay has gone too far, which because we mention is frequently when the most evident signs start occurring, there is often little that could be done to prevent it farther, and that means you need to look after your teeth from an early age to make them last as long as you can.